← Return to search results

The Trouble with Cauliflower

by Jane Sutton


The Trouble with Cauliflower explores the ideas of luck, superstition, and expectations.

Mortimer is convinced that cauliflower causes bad luck. When he eats a stew with cauliflower in it anyway, he does in fact have bad luck the next day. Yet, when he eats his friend’s “vegetable surprise” casserole, without knowing it contains cauliflower, he has a wonderful time at the fair. This story explores the ideas of luck, superstition, and expectations.

Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

Throughout the first portion of The Trouble with Cauliflower, Mortimer’s statement that “whenever I eat cauliflower, I have bad luck the next day” seems to play out as Mortimer expects it to. The day after he eats cauliflower stew he has a day where everything goes wrong. He stubs his toe, spills his juice, and fails his driving test, amongst other mishaps. Yet, when Mortimer unknowingly eats cauliflower, the following day is a good one; he has a fun time at the fair and wins a free pizza. This portrayal of luck as something that is created by expectations leads into an interesting philosophical topic: What is luck? Does it exist, or is it an excuse for things that do not go the way we hope they will? If luck exists, where does that leave our free will?

A “belief” in luck is mixed into everyday practice and parlance. We use the phrase “good luck” to wish someone well, people discuss rabbit’s feet, or shamrocks, or lucky pennies, or have lucky items of clothing, or other objects. While many, perhaps most, people would say that they “don’t believe in luck,” we do use luck to explain situations and events that don’t have another clear cause. This is especially true when we judge a situation as being caused by “bad luck.” It gives a moral loophole for situations that are somehow outside of the actor’s control.

For example, two individuals (we’ll call them Anna and Bobby) were each driving down the road following every traffic rule to the letter. Anna carefully navigates a sharp turn with no mishap, but just as Bobby comes around the same turn a dog runs out in front of his car and is killed. The “bad luck” position would argue that because each of them were driving at the same speed and following every traffic rule, Bobby cannot be held morally responsible for the death of the dog because it was “bad luck;” that is, caused by something outside of Bobby’s control. While the death of the dog was unfortunate, it was not really Bobby’s fault. The opposite position would hold that Bobby’s action was morally wrong because he hit and killed the dog despite the fact that it was outside of his control.

Some things in the world are outside of our control, and this leads to moral uncertainty. Everyone can agree that it is wrong to kill a dog, but if that dog runs in front of your car while you are driving, are you less blameworthy for its death? Luck can be an explanation to help us retain our belief in moral truth in a world of ambiguous situations.

Along with the overall concept of luck, its existence and usefulness in society, The Trouble with Cauliflower looks at how our expectations shape our experiences. Mortimer expects to have bad luck, which makes him overly nervous for his driver’s test, making him unable to drive well enough to pass. This result can be explained as cause and effect. On the other hand, Mortimer also spills juice and stubs his toe, both things that do not have a clear cause. These seem to be simply “bad luck.” Yet, when Mortimer unwittingly eats cauliflower, and therefore is not expecting bad luck, not even these small misfortunes befall him. If luck is real, how can anyone be held responsible for his or her actions; yet, if it is not, how can seemingly random misfortune be explained? These questions are the basis of a philosophical discussion which is interesting to encourage children to explore.

Questions for Philosophical Discussion


“It’s just that whenever I eat cauliflower, I have bad luck the next day.”

  1. Do you know someone who is especially lucky?
  2. What makes them lucky?
  3. What about bad luck? Can someone be unlucky?
  4. Can an object give you good or bad luck?
  5. Do you think that there really is such a thing as luck? Why?

Self-fulfilling Prophesies

“Cauliflower is bad luck! I never should have eaten that stew.”

  1. Does cauliflower give Mortimer bad luck?
  2. Was Mortimer’s bad day luck or a coincidence?
  3. If Mortimer hadn’t eaten the cauliflower, how would his day have been?
  4. If Mortimer had believed that cauliflower gave him good luck, would his day have been really good?
  5. Can believing something about your future (even if it isn’t true) affect what happens to you?


Mortimer did not pass the [driving] test… “I will never eat cauliflower again!” Mortimer moaned.

  1. Is it someone’s fault that Mortimer had bad luck? If so, whose?
  2. Is the fact that Mortimer crashes the car and fails his driving test his fault? What about his bad luck?
  3. Was it Mortimer’s fault that he spilled his juice? Was what about his bad luck?
  4. Do people call something bad luck just so that they don’t get in trouble?

Original questions and guidelines for philosophical discussion by Elizabeth King. Edited May 2020 by The Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics.

Find tips for leading a philosophical discussion on our Resources page.

Download & Print Email Book Module Back to All Books
Back to All Books Cover image for The Trouble with Cauliflower featuring a painting of a koala seated at a table with a plate of cauliflower in front of it. There's a glass and a stick of butter on the table as well Download & Print Email Book Module

About the Prindle Institute

As one of the largest collegiate ethics institutes in the country, the Prindle Institute for Ethics’ uniquely robust national outreach mission serves DePauw students, faculty and staff; academics and scholars throughout the United States and in the international community; life-long learners; and the Greencastle community in a variety of ways. In 2019, the Prindle Institute partrnered with Thomas Wartenberg and became the digital home of his Teaching Children Philosophy discussion guides.

Further Resources

Some of the books on this site may contain characterizations or illustrations that are culturally insensitive or inaccurate. We encourage educators to visit the Association for Library Service to Children’s resource guide for talking to children about issues of race and culture in literature. They also have a guide for navigating tough conversations.  PBS Kids’ set of resources for talking to young children about race and racism might also be useful for educators.

Philosophy often deals with big questions like the existence of a higher power or death. Find tips for leading a philosophical discussion on our resources page.

Visit Us.


2961 W County Road 225 S
Greencastle, IN 46135



Monday - Friday: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Saturday-Sunday: closed