The Cat in the Hat
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This classic Dr. Seuss story can open up discussions about trust, responsibility, social expectations, and honesty.
Two children, Sally and Sam, are home alone and having a very dreary day. Suddenly, they’re graced with a surprise visit from a stranger, the Cat. He comes in, assures them their mom won’t mind his toys and tricks, and makes a very big mess. Before the Cat leaves, he cleans up his mess, and when Sam and Sally’s mother returns home, nothing is amiss. The story ends with the question, “What would YOU do if your mother asked YOU?”
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Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion
The Cat in the Hat is a book where an eccentric stranger (who’s a cat!) visits two children, Sally and Sam, who are home alone and having a very dull day. Their mother is out, and when the Cat comes in, he reassures the kids that their mother won’t mind him or his tricks! This can offer an opportunity to talk about the first question set. You can discuss what trust is and who you can trust. It will be a concept that the kids will have been drilled about quite frequently, but hopefully, the book will offer them a new vantage point. They’ll be able to further develop why they have their opinions, not just what the right action is in a strange situation.
The story continues as the Cat falls while trying to balance too many things and drops everything that he was holding. As you talk with the kids about this section of the book, you can draw on the second question set. These questions ask who has responsibilities and why they might have them. Since children are often taught not to make a mess, it will offer them an opportunity to find their own reasons for why people keep telling them to be tidy, and what their responsibilities might be to themselves and others.
Another point of discussion that arises after the Cat drops what he was holding is what to do when someone does something wrong. The third question set deals with this. The Cat makes decisions that are very careless, presumably to amuse the children and himself. However, some of the things he does are dangerous and may not be acceptable for us to support. Should we laugh when people do wrong things to entertain us? Taking this approach can let the kids build off their previous experiences and help them decide how they want to act when approached with ‘wrong’ behavior.
The Cat, acknowledging that his poor balance thwarted his last attempt to entertain, tries another way to amuse the children. He brings in two friends, Thing One and Thing Two. These two Things make even more of a mess than the Cat did, and time is running out because the children spot their mother in the distance. This can bring up discussions about social expectations, which are in the fourth question set. You can discuss appropriate behavior, and how it might differ between your home and the home of a friend. Secondly, after seeing his mom, Sam decides that enough is enough. He decides to capture the Things. This introduces the kids to the concept of rudeness, and whether it’s okay or not to be rude to someone, a concept that stems from the book but relates directly to childrens’ lives.
As the mom comes in and Sally and Sam act as if nothing as happened, we are left to wonder the same question Dr. Seuss asks: would you tell your mom? This scenario offers the opportunity to discuss lying, the subject of the last question set. These questions seek to clear up some of the ambiguity surrounding lying. Can people be hurt by a lie even if they never find out that they’ve been told one? Since this draws on situations the kids might have encountered (deciding to lie or not), you’ll be able to draw concrete examples to keep them engaged. If they seem to be having difficulty engaging, you might want to create a scenario where someone has lied, and get the kids to discuss whether it was okay or not in the example (scenarios could include lying that you cheated on homework or lying to a friend). A note of warning: if you talk about real-life examples, the kids might try to bring up incidents that have happened in class. Lying is an important topic to introduce in a discussion, because most people are simply told not to lie, and not shown the damage of lying. When kids come to their own conclusions, they are much more likely to stick to them in times of distress.
Questions for Philosophical Discussion
The Cat reassures the children that what he is doing is okay and that their mother won’t mind…
- Would have you trusted the cat?
- When can you trust strangers? What if they’re a teacher or a policeman?
- How do you know that you can trust your friends?
- What is trust?
The Cat, with all of his games, made quite a mess in Sally and Sam’s house…
- Is it okay that the Cat made a mess?
- Since the Cat cleaned up his mess, was it more okay that he made it?
- When is it okay to make a mess?
- Is it okay to make a mess in your house?
- Is it okay to make a mess if it isn’t in your house?
- Can you be responsible for a mess someone else makes?
- What if it’s in your house? What if they’re your friend? Or a stranger?
- Did the children have a responsibility to their mother to keep the house clean?
In the story, Sally and Sam had a very different view of what is right and wrong than the Cat did…
- Is it okay if the children were entertained by the Cat, even though what he was doing was dangerous?
- Is it okay to do things that are wrong to try and impress people?
- Is it more acceptable to do something wrong if it’s also fun? Why or why not?
- What makes something wrong?
- Who decides if something is wrong?
- Can something or someone be right even if everyone says it’s wrong?
In the story, the Cat invited himself in and started taking action…
- Was what the Cat did an acceptable way to act?
- What are inappropriate things to do in a friend’s home?
- What makes them inappropriate?
- Are they different things than what is inappropriate to do in your home? Why?
- Should you make a friend leave if they are acting inappropriately?
- Is it ever okay to be rude to someone?
- Is it okay to be rude to someone to try and make them leave your house if they’re causing harm?
At the end of the story, the reader is left to wonder if they would tell their mom what had happened…
- Would have you told your parents what happened? Why?
- Is it okay to lie to hide something that you’ve done wrong?
- If we lie and get away with it, can people still be hurt by what we’ve done?
- Should we tell the truth, even if no one would believe us?
- If you tell someone only part of what happened, is this lying?
Original questions and guidelines for philosophical discussion by Joey Shaughnessy. Edited June 2020 by The Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics.
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