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Disney’s Coco

by RH Disney


This Disney story addresses questions of death, family obligation, identity, and stealing and deception.

Miguel loves music and wants to be a musician someday, but music is banned in his house. His abuelita finds his guitar and smashes it, so Miguel steals the guitar of his favorite deceased musician, Ernesto de la Cruz, and plays it. This sends Miguel into the Land of the Dead where he meets dead members of his family. He learns a lot about his family and finds out that Ernesto was actually stealing his music from Miguel’s ancestor. In order to get back to the Land of the Living, Miguel’s Mamá Imelda gives him her blessing and Miguel helps to teach his living family to love music again.

Read aloud video by Storytime Now!

Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

Young Miguel is torn between his passion for music and the demands of his family. Miguel’s entire family makes shoes, but Miguel wants to be a musician. On Día de los Muertos, Miguel plays a guitar owned by Ernesto de la Cruz before he died, which magically sends Miguel to the Land of the Dead. He learns about the betrayals and deceptions in his family history as he cultivates a sense of identity for himself based on what his ancestors were like. Miguel is told that he must choose between his family and music, and struggles to figure out how he can have both. Coco addresses issues such as death, family obligation, identity, and stealing and deception.

Death and the afterlife are connected philosophical topics about which children have different experiences and thoughts. These themes are the subject of the first set of discussion questions. Some may not think much about death, some may have had a family member or pet die, and many may even fear it because what happens after we die, if anything, is unknown. Coco presents a distinct vision of death and the afterlife. It presents the opportunity for children to discuss the fact that death does not necessarily have to be scary, but rather it poses an opportunity to celebrate the life of the deceased along with all of their accomplishments. Additionally, through this discussion of death and Día de los Muertos, children can think about why some cultures view death so differently than our culture, and talk about the benefits of seeing it from another perspective.

The second set of discussion questions is about family obligation. Everyone comes from different backgrounds and family types, and everyone feels differently about their family members. Miguel loves his family a lot, but is frustrated by their determination to stop his passion for music. He is told he has to choose between his family and music, but is set on finding a way to have both. In this discussion about family obligation, children can reflect on and share what they think the nature of family is, and what one owes his or her family. Children can talk about what they do and do not owe to their family, as well as their thoughts on what Miguel should have done. Children can also assess whether or not it was fair for Miguel’s family to try to stop him from doing what made him happy.

The third set of questions considers issues of identity. Children are still trying to develop their identities and figure out who they are as people. They learn to like different activities, different colors, and more as they develop what makes them the person they are. Miguel is going through the same thing in Coco, as he tries to figure out his place in the world. He faces many setbacks, as he is told the person he wants to be, a musician, is not accepted by his family members. By visiting his ancestors in the Land of the Dead, Miguel learns a lot about his deceased family members and this contributes to his identity. Through their own discussion on identity, children are invited to try to define the aspects of themselves that make them who they are, whether that be through their passions, family members, or something else.

Finally, it is easy to pick out bad actions, but harder to explain what exactly makes them bad. Stealing from people is wrong and deceiving them is wrong, as is shown in Coco. The villain of this story, Ernesto de la Cruz, stole and deceived his whole life in order to acquire great fame and fortune, but hurt many people in the process. At the beginning of the story, Ernesto is Miguel’s idol, and when Miguel finally meets him, Ernesto throws Miguel into a pit. Children can see and understand how heartbreaking it was for Miguel to discover that his hero was really a villain the whole time and comprehend how being on the other side of stealing and deception feels. They can discuss the negative repercussions of making these bad choices and assess how those choices can hurt others.

Questions for Philosophical Discussion


  1. What happens after you die? How do you know?
  2. Have you ever heard someone talk about the afterlife differently from you? What did they think happens after death?
  3. Is death a sad or happy subject? Why? Can it be both? How?
  4. Why do they celebrate death in Mexico but we do not celebrate it in the U.S.?
  5. How can death be celebrated?
  6. What can we learn from different perspectives from different cultures, such as different perspectives on death?

Family Obligation

  1. What is a family? Why are there families?
  2. What does your family do for you? What do families do for family members?
  3. Do you owe gratitude to your family? If so, what? How do you show your family your gratitude?
  4. Should Miguel have listened to his family and stopped playing music, even though it was his passion? Why or why not?
  5. Are there limits to what we should do for our families?
  6. What would you have done if you were in Miguel’s shoes?
  7. Was it fair of Miguel’s family to tell him that he couldn’t play music? Why or why not?


  1. What passions do you have that make you who you are?
  2. What can you learn about yourself through your family?
  3. Was Miguel a different person when he thought Ernesto de la Cruz was his father compared to when he found out Héctor was his father?
  4. To what extent does your family define who you are as a person?
  5. Is it possible for you to be super similar to a family member? Super different?
  6. Are there other parts of your identity that are not tied to your passions or your family?
  7. What are the most important parts of your identity?
  8. Are there times when you are confused about who you are? How do you overcome this confusion?

Stealing and Deception

  1. Why did Ernesto de la Cruz steal Héctor’s songs and guitar? Why was it wrong?
  2. How did Ernesto deceive everyone into thinking he was a good person? Why was it wrong?
  3. How do you think Miguel felt when he discovered Ernesto’s true self?
  4. Why is it not okay to steal things from other people?
  5. Why is it not okay to deceive people?
  6. Which is more important: being a good person or being famous? Why?
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Back to All Books Cover image of a book called Coco featuring an illustration of a young boy with brown hair and brown eyes holding a guitar in one hand. He runs with a gray dog alongside him. Download & Print Email Book Module

About the Prindle Institute

As one of the largest collegiate ethics institutes in the country, the Prindle Institute for Ethics’ uniquely robust national outreach mission serves DePauw students, faculty and staff; academics and scholars throughout the United States and in the international community; life-long learners; and the Greencastle community in a variety of ways. In 2019, the Prindle Institute partrnered with Thomas Wartenberg and became the digital home of his Teaching Children Philosophy discussion guides.

Further Resources

Some of the books on this site may contain characterizations or illustrations that are culturally insensitive or inaccurate. We encourage educators to visit the Association for Library Service to Children’s resource guide for talking to children about issues of race and culture in literature. They also have a guide for navigating tough conversations.  PBS Kids’ set of resources for talking to young children about race and racism might also be useful for educators.

Philosophy often deals with big questions like the existence of a higher power or death. Find tips for leading a philosophical discussion on our resources page.

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