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The Little Prince

by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry


The Little Prince introduces a variety of philosophical concepts including authority, loneliness, and ownership.

An aviator whose plane is forced down in the Sahara Desert encounters a little boy– a prince–from a small planet. The boy recounts his space travel adventures and search for the secret of what is important in life.

Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s enduring classic The Little Prince offers a longer, more advanced story through which to engage children in philosophical discussion. The author’s personal experiences as a pilot who was once stranded in the desert lend this story a uniquely accessible element. The pilot’s realistic struggle with his harsh environment juxtaposed to his poignant appreciation for its natural beauty comes from first-hand experience, from which Saint-Exupéry certainly drew. This grounding of the supernatural in real life will provide children with a framework to contemplate the extraordinary.

Through the travels and travails of the little prince, one encounters open-ended philosophical concepts such as ‘authority,’ ‘ephemerality,’ and ‘loneliness.’ The reader is invited to contemplate opposing definitions of ownership, contrasting the concept of possession from the Little Prince’s responsibility-based ideal to the businessman’s avarice-based perspective. The Little Prince also draws from his interactions with others to validate or dismiss concepts such as friendship. Seeing through his innocent, yet critical, lens allows us to examine our own pre-formed notions surrounding these concepts.

The Little Prince asks questions children would be likely to pose themselves in similar situations. Many of the answers he receives come from very ‘grown-up’ grown-ups. Illogical as they may seem in this context, the characters’ responses to the Little Prince reflect real-world scenarios. “Do as I say because I’m the king,” doesn’t differ drastically from “Do as I say because I’m the parent/teacher.” Additionally, the reader is told that the Little Prince, “Never in all his life let go of a question once he had asked it.” The example of the Little Prince to children is to keep questioning until you receive an answer and to then examine that answer. The ongoing process of critical evaluation that undergirds this book is the cornerstone not only of the following question sets but also of philosophy for children. This incredible work represents a rich resource for those invested in cultivating a community of inquiry in the elementary classroom.

Questions for Philosophical Discussion

The story of The Little Prince is about a pilot who crashes his plane in the desert. The author of the story was also a pilot who was stuck in the desert after his plane crashed. The pilot in the book meets a little prince from another planet.

  1. Do you think everything in the book actually happened to the man who wrote it?
  2. What’s the difference between reality and make-believe?
  3. Can things we read about in stories be real?
  4. Can we make a list of some things that we might find in this story that are real and some things we might find that aren’t real?
  5. Can you think of a story you’ve heard that has both things from real life and make-believe in it?

Chapter IV

The pilot points out that, “When you tell them about a new friend, [grown-ups] never ask questions about what really matters. They never ask: ‘What does his voice sounds like?’ ‘What games does he like best?’ ‘Does he collect butterflies?’ They ask: ‘How old is he?’ ‘How many brothers does he have?’ ‘How much does he weigh?’ ‘How much money does his father make?'”

  1. How do you describe a friend?

The pilot says grown-ups will believe the little prince existed if you say, “The planet he came from is Asteroid B-612.” He says grown-ups won’t believe he existed if you say, “The proof of the little prince’s existence is that he was delightful, that he laughed, and that he wanted a sheep.

  1. What do you think proves that the little prince existed?

The pilot explains, “If I try to describe him here, it’s so I won’t forget him.”

  1. Does describing somebody help you remember him or her?
  2. What’s another way to remember a person? (Can point out that the pilot also makes a picture of the little prince.)

We learn from the pilot that, “It’s already been 6 years since [the little prince] went away.”

  1. If the little prince left Earth 6 years ago, but his friend still remembers him, does the little prince still exist? (You can ask if he still exists on Earth to clarify.)

Chapter VII

If the pilot doesn’t fix his plane, he might die. The little prince thinks the war between the sheep and the flowers is more serious.

  1. Which do you think is more serious? Why?

The pilot drops his tools and consoles the little prince. He thinks taking care of his friend is more serious than his own life.

  1. Would you have taken care of your friend or fixed your plane?
  2. Is it ever okay to think your friend’s problems are more serious than your own?
  3. When is it okay to think your own problems are more serious?

Chapter X

Let’s make a list of people who have authority.

  1. If the king in the story has no subjects, then does the king really have authority?
  2. Does anybody or anything obey the king’s commands?
  3. What gives people authority?

Chapter XI

  1. Who do you admire?
  2. Why does the vain man in the story want admiration?
  3. Does he deserve to be admired?
  4. Have you ever been admired?
  5. What were you admired for?
  6. Who admired you?
  7. What is admiration?

Chapter XIII

The businessman says he owns the stars because he was the first to think of it.

  1. Do you agree with him?

Original questions and guidelines for philosophical discussion by Allison Trzop. Edited June 2020 by The Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics.

Find tips for leading a philosophical discussion on our Resources page.

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About the Prindle Institute

As one of the largest collegiate ethics institutes in the country, the Prindle Institute for Ethics’ uniquely robust national outreach mission serves DePauw students, faculty and staff; academics and scholars throughout the United States and in the international community; life-long learners; and the Greencastle community in a variety of ways. In 2019, the Prindle Institute partrnered with Thomas Wartenberg and became the digital home of his Teaching Children Philosophy discussion guides.

Further Resources

Some of the books on this site may contain characterizations or illustrations that are culturally insensitive or inaccurate. We encourage educators to visit the Association for Library Service to Children’s resource guide for talking to children about issues of race and culture in literature. They also have a guide for navigating tough conversations.  PBS Kids’ set of resources for talking to young children about race and racism might also be useful for educators.

Philosophy often deals with big questions like the existence of a higher power or death. Find tips for leading a philosophical discussion on our resources page.

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