Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs
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This story explores the conflict between safety and security and raises questions about the nature and ethics of migration.
In the town of Chewandswallow, food falls from the sky three times a day. When the weather turns bad, citizens face a difficult decision: Should they stay in their town, where it is unsafe to step outside, or abandon their homeland and set off for another town? The citizens ultimately find another home and become accustomed to buying food from supermarkets and watching rain and snow fall from the sky.
Guidelines for Philosophical Discussion
In the story, the townspeople of Chewandswallow must endure the burden of their homeland’s unusual weather and the subsequent struggle of traveling across the sea to a new land. At first glance, the story may seem to only be about a mysterious and magical town with odd weather patterns where food falls from the sky. However, when inspected more closely, it is philosophically rich and entertains multiple questions about freedom, safety, migration, and adaptation.
The abundance of food appears at first to be a blessing: because people don’t need to grow their own food, nobody starves (neither people nor animals), and there are almost always leftovers. In our current world, this would be an incredible solution to one of humanity’s biggest problems: world hunger. But it appears that nothing comes without consequence: having food fall from the sky three times a day for breakfast, lunch, and dinner limits the people in the town of Chewandswallow in various ways. Therefore, most of this part of the discussion involves coming up with the pros and cons of having food fall from the sky and asking the children what parts about having food fall from the sky they would like and dislike. The pros seem to be more apparent from the book than the cons, so more time should be allotted to challenging the children to find some possible cons of the situation.
Having food always fall from the sky could have many benefits. The townspeople seem to never go hungry. In fact, they can eat to their heart’s content. Additionally, the townspeople don’t need farmers to grow food, which makes life much easier. People can walk outside with their plates and silverware and just wait to get food, rather than spend a large portion of their time preparing meals. This also means that people don’t have to pay for food either. Maybe people can use this extra time and money to have more fun with friends and buy more things that they want. But not everything that results from the town’s weather is good.
Perhaps not being able to choose what they want to eat for their meals may be frustrating for the townspeople. What if people have allergies to certain foods so that they have to miss out on certain meals? It is useful to focus on how the townspeople may be limited in what they can eat, or in other words, how they have limited control over what they eat. People might get multiple meals in a row where they don’t like what is “served,” or they aren’t able to eat it for health reasons. On top of that, there could be periods of time when people don’t receive all of the proper or suggested nutrients that they should from the meals that fall from the sky. There is a popular saying: “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Well, what if apples, or even fruit, only fall once every month, or maybe extremely sugary and “junky” foods fall frequently? Although it might greatly please one’s taste buds, it may not be the best for one’s health. When it rains in the town of Chewandswallow, it doesn’t just rain rain. It rains things such as soup and juice. But this means that water never rains from the sky, so the townspeople don’t have access to plain water. Could this be bad for one’s health? Additionally, not everyone wakes up at the same time, so if people wake up too late, they might miss meals. Could this become troublesome? Finally, people could become hungry between meals. They either have to wait it out until the next meal, or they’d have to have leftovers. How many people enjoy eating leftovers?
Ultimately, this discussion of weighing the pros and cons can be related to a bigger theme of safety versus freedom. This is a difficult topic to introduce to children, so a simpler way to talk about safety would be to define it as always having what someone needs, but not necessarily being able to choose when, where, what, and how they get it. One could then define freedom as being able to choose what one wants and how, when, and where they get what they want, but also having the risk of not always being able to get enough of it. Asking a few questions regarding this broader theme would be a good way to connect the story to bigger philosophical ideas and move on to other parts of the discussion.
When the weather takes a turn for the worse, the people of Chewandswallow find the food as more of a curse than a blessing. They must make the difficult decision to leave their homeland. This crisis brings up questions about migration: Is migration voluntary or involuntary, and what causes a group of people to re-situate themselves? The citizens leave their town in order to survive, a scenario that parallels many migrant groups’ circumstances. In order to promote discussion on moving, ask the children if they have ever moved or know someone who has.
After the migrants sail on their peanut butter sandwiches to a new land, they are welcomed by the current inhabitants as they become accustomed to their new environment. There they must buy food from the grocery instead of expecting meatballs to hail from the sky. Furthermore, the new inhabitants must learn how to prepare their own meals. As the former residents of Chewandswallow grow used to their new home, how do the other inhabitants react to them? What are the responsibilities of the natives to welcome the newcomers and what responsibility do the newcomers have to conform to the ways of life of their new town? What if the people of Chewandswallow do not adapt? Would the native inhabitants be justified in expelling the refugees or refusing to accept any more?
Questions for Philosophical Discussion
Safety versus Freedom
- Would you like it if food fell from the sky for breakfast, lunch, and dinner? Why?
- Do you think it is good that the townspeople have all this extra food? Would they ever have to worry about being hungry?
- Can you think of some other ways that having food fall from the sky would be good?
- Can you think of a time when you didn’t get the food you wanted or didn’t like the food you got?
- How do you think the townspeople feel about not being able to choose what food comes from the sky?
- Would you want the safety of always having enough food or the option to choose when you want to eat certain foods? Why?
- Is it better to choose what kinds of things you have if it means that you might not have enough of it (like food, toys, etc.)? Why?
- Would you rather always be safe or have the freedom to do things that you want? Why?
- Would you want everyone to be able to say what they want? Or would you rather them not be able to say whatever they want to protect other people’s feelings?
- What do you think was the hardest part of leaving Chewandswallow for the residents?
- Have you ever had to say goodbye and move to a new place?
- If so, how did you feel leaving your friends and family?
- Why do people move? Do they move because they want to or because they have to?
- What are the benefits of moving?
- Why would it ever be difficult for somebody to get used to a new place?
- How were the Chewandswallow migrants welcomed by their new neighbors?
- Is it ever possible for newcomers to feel unwelcome in a new area?
- Why might the neighbors be unaccepting of the migrants?
- What are the responsibilities of the migrants? The neighbors? Does one group need to change more than the other? Why?
- What new changes did the Chewandswallow residents have to make to adapt to their new land?
- For those who could not adapt to their new lifestyle, would it be reasonable to return to Chewandswallow? Why?
- When is it important to change how you live or behave?
- Is change voluntary or involuntary? Do you change because you want to or because you have to?
- Is there any situation where one shouldn’t change, even if it is necessary?
Original questions and guidelines for philosophical discussion by Kennyi Aouad and Noah Someck. Edited June 2020 by The Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics.
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